Even if you haven't heard of spalted wood, you might have seen it.Rather than a subtle coloring, some of its wood grains are as pronounced as if … Other common names given to the hackberry include common hackberry, sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry. The sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, drive my long-suffering brother batty. We have a huge Hackberry tree out back that will have to come down soon. Thanks! AVAILABILITY Types of Wood Comparing American Hardwoods, Softwoods and Tropical Hardwoods. When in doubt about the type of wood to select for your cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, refer to the Janka Rating System, which measures the relative hardness of woods. Hackberry grows best in the thick forests of the bottomlands. You didn’t steer me wrong with your description of Hackberry. Because wood drys alot from the sides also, a 2″ stick . It's expressed in psi, or pounds-per-square-inch. Hackberry is a little stronger and stiffer than many other hardwood species; it is quite close to elm and just little below ash. Stiffness: Low. Bending: Medium. Wood Hardness Chart Species (Alphabetical) Hardness Species (by Hardness) Hardness Mahogany, Honduran 800 Padauk 1725 Mahogany, Santos 2200 Tabaccowood 1750 Maple, Hard North American 1450 Rosewood, Bolivian 1780 Maple, Ivory 1500 Bamboo, Carbonized 1800 Maple, Soft 999 Hickory 1820 Merbau 1925 Pecan 1820 Mesquite 2345 Yellowheart 1820 Unless you have an electric or gas-powered splitter, you’re going to be using brute force. Wood products are known for their natural beauty, but when selecting a type of wood for your next cabinetry, flooring, furniture or millwork project, it is important to also consider the level of durability by understanding the difference between wood types. The leaves look, to me, to be so similar to prized tropical hardwoods, particularly the rosewoods, I’d wondered if it is related, or possesses any of the same desirable characteristics, making it suitable for musical instruments. Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. Resilient and adaptable, it tolerates wide-ranging soils and urban pollution, and it usually scoffs at wind. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES The wood is classified as moderate in weight, hardness, stiffness and shock resistance. Machining: Fair. One variety, the Mediterranean Hackberry (celitis australis) is also known as the European Nettle tree or Lotus. But the characteristics of each hackberry species remain the same. Hackberry Color of Wood Yellow or Golden Brown Hackberry Contrast between growth rings Ring Porous Hackberry Crushing Strength Low Hackberry Decorative Figure No ... Hackberry Hardness Average Hackberry Hardwood or Softwood Hardwood Hackberry Harmful Properties Non Toxic Hackberry Interlocked Grain Yes Hackberry Kiln-dried Shrinkage Let me know if you find out. A cord is 128 cubic feet of stacked wood. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a large deciduous shade tree that is is capable of reaching 70 feet tall and 50 feet wide at maturity. Comments: In terms of outward appearance, Hackberry bears a close resemblance to ash; anatomically, however, it’s closest to elm (Ulmus spp. Hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa leilia Places in the United States. Depending on the species of wood, needs to season for about 12 months. Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. I don’t need specific information about how to do it, but I would really appreciate knowing if the Celtis wood is commonly used for any musical instruments. Because of its characteristic, hackberry wood is not that commercially viable. Hardness: Moderate. Color/Appearance: Heartwood tends to be light to medium brown, with a reddish hue; sapwood is a paler yellowish brown. The Janka hardness test is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood to denting and wear. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. a number of brush-footed butterflies in the genus Asterocampa: . The sapwood stains easily, and as such, the color is … It dries fairly rapidly, with a tendency to warp. It has moderate shrinkage and little movement in performance. Workability: Generally good working characteristics with both hand and machine tools, though smaller pieces with knots, or sections with interlocked grain can pose challenges in machining. Hanafee Bros. Sawmill Co., Inc. takes 1 yr. to season, a 4″ stick tages 2 years, etc. Burning unseasoned wood is 30% less efficient. P.O. Susceptible to blue-gray fungal staining if not processed promptly. The hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and it is five times harder than aspen, one of the “soft” hardwoods. Common Uses: Furniture, boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and bent parts. The test measures the pressure required to embed an 11.28mm (.444 in) diameter steel ball into wood to half the ball's diameter. ), with the pores arranged in wavy tangential bands (ulmiform arrangement), which is characteristic of the elms. Strength: Medium. This wood hardness scale starts at 0 lbf, the wood closer to which is the softest and most prone to scratches and dents. Splitting Hackberry Wood. Planing, molding and jointing: Good. The tree was first cultivated in 1636. Staining: Satisfactory. While I don’t have experience with this, I’m only guessing by looking at its specific gravity and density figures. Common Firewood Measurements. These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. This is older thread, but I’ll comment anyway. It has a good steam-bending classification. Planing, molding and jointing: Good. Hackberry is a grainy hardwood, like elm. Gluing: Fair. Botany. Stability: [ability to stay in place] - High. The wood glues well and stains and polishes, with care, to an excellent finish. Ultimately, you need to find a wood that won’t be too difficult to split. Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lb f /in 2 (8.21 GPa) Crushing Strength: 5,440 lb f /in 2 (37.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. Grain: Irregular; coarse. Machining: Fair. The wood has a medium hardness, so the finish you apply will give the hardness to accommodate as a writing surface. How was the Hackberry to turn? Sanding: Fair; 2/0 gives best results. Finishing: Fair; Susceptible to blue staining before and after kiln drying. It is to be noted that there is no type of wood with 0 lbf. In earlier years, its tough, flexible wood was used for barrel hoops, and many a pioneer cabin was equipped with durable hackberry wood flooring. Samantha and Rob, I came to the (always reliable) Wood Database looking for info that would help on that very same topic! Wood that makes the best firewood for a fireplace is seasoned wood not green wood. In terms of its weight and hardness, the answer would be “ideal!” The… Read more ». All the best, Boring: Fair. “On the last day of the world, I would want to plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin. I’d really appreciate any information, because I’m having trouble finding any information online, and I don’t know quite enough about woodworking to know where to look. There is a very large Hackberry in my brother’s backyard, partially overhanging the driveway. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, with a very coarse uneven texture. Strength: Medium. Elastic Modulus: 2,160,000 lb f /in 2 (14.90 GPa) Crushing Strength: 9,210 lb f /in 2 (63.5 MPa) Shrinkage: Radial: 7.0%, Tangential: 10.5%, Volumetric: 16.7%, T/R Ratio: 1.5. Maybe big enough for quarter sawn. Decay resistance: Minimal. Hardwoods dry at a rate of 1″ per year under good conditions. Turning: Good. Celtis, genus of deciduous trees known as hackberries; Prunus padus, a species of cherry tree; Entomology. Allergies/Toxicity: Hackberry has been reported to cause skin irritation. Our chart is based on the Janka Hardness Scale which is the industry standard for gauging the ability of various wood species to resist denting and tolerate normal wear. Hackberry is reputed to among the very best woods for steam bending among hardwoods native to the United States and Canada. Hi Samantha, Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. The highest rating so far is 5,060 lbf, which is the hardest wood. Stiffness: Low. 11 Kinds of Wood Not to Burn in Your Fireplace 1. Workability with hand tools: Good. They have wooden toys of varying hardness in their cage and seem to alternate between chewing toys made of harder wood and toys made of softer wood. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Also susceptible to fungal discoloration and insect attack. Other varieties of hackberry vary in hardness (one variety of African celitis is used for flooring). A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation on the … Hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas. Pricing/Availability: Not widely available outside its natural range, Hackberry is regularly harvested and sold as utility lumber at a modest price within its natural range. Nailing and screw driving – Fair. The wood has some shrinkage, but keeps its shape in seasoning.
• Cutting edges should be sharp to avoid the wood’s blunting effect. Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable to perishable. I would also guess that its pore structure would not be ideal. In fact, alon… ), and it’s sometimes used in place of ash. Wondering that myself. In fact, they are mixed and sold together. Hardness: Moderate. Dry wood simply means it had not been rained on recently. It would be nice to use the name “Celtis” in the building of some of my instruments since I’m in the construction of Irish citterns. Therefore, you’ll want to go with something that is easier to split. Natural color: Yellowish. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light brown to gray. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. The Janka hardness test is a measurement of the force necessary to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter into a vertically sawn piece of wood. Could hackberry wood, or any wood from the Celtis genus be used to make musical instruments? What Is The Common Hackberry Good For? The common hackberry tree is often a host to butterfly larval. Green wood also tends to smoke and smolder creating the possibility for creosote to form in the chimney. I’m happy the the finished project. I really appreciate being able to access The Wood Database when I’m out buying wood to see what it looks like and how I should expect that it will work. Fluorescence: A Secret Weapon in Wood Identification, Bow Woods (from a mathematical perspective), Brazilian Rosewood, East Indian, and Other Rosewoods, Genuine Lignum Vitae and Argentine Lignum Vitae, BOOK: WOOD! Because of the air space between the pieces of wood, the amount of solid wood in a cord may be only 70-90 cubic feet, even though the volume of the stack is 128 cubic feet. While wind instruments can technically be made from any wood, hackberry is not considered a tonewood. It also indicates the effort required to either nail or saw the particular wood species. Gluing: Fair. Carpentry, Cabinetry and Interior Woodworking - Hackberry Wood For Desk - I am having a desk built from Hackberry wood and would like to have your thought's on this wood? Both woods with the lowest and highest rating will not be good options for flooring. Wood Hardness Janka Hardness Test: A measure of the hardness of wood, produced by a variation of the Brinell Hardness Test. Phone: 731-536-4682 |Fax: 731-536-4758 | Email: [email protected]. The creosote will stick to the sides of the chimney and can ignite causing a chimney fire. Turning: Good. Glues, turns, stains, and finishes well. Color variation: Yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. The tree when first cut shows a wide, white sapwood and a dark heartwood. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular … Sanding: Fair; 2/0 gives best results. Bending: Medium. Box 157 | 520 East Harper | Troy, TN 38260 Green wood if burned in a fireplace will typically result in a lot of smoke and creosote build up in your chimney. Nailing and screw driving – Fair. How to Get Rid of Hackberry Trees. This site lists hackberry as a non-toxic wood for pets (along with mulberry) but I want to figure out if it's safe for gerbils specifically. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Green Wood or Unseasoned Wood. Paint holding: Good. The common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) has the greatest range, but a southern hackberry, called sugarberry, produces the most commercial lumber. Responds superbly to steam bending. Hackberry is moderately hard, heavy, and has medium bending strength, high shock resistance, but is low in stiffness. Actually, there are four hackberry species in North America, all looking a lot the same. The tenacious hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 2 through 9, withstands much that nature sends its way. Hackberry, Arizona Paint holding: Good. Workability with hand tools: Good. It’s overall appearance is similar to ash (Fraxinus spp. Such as a guitar or flute, or anything at all? This is why you’ll want to choose to hackberry wood. The dark heartwood is probably wound induced, and the amount will vary greatly depending on the tree. People confuse dry wood with seasoned wood. The test measures the force required to push a steel ball with a diameter of 11.28 millimeters (0.444 inches) into the wood to a depth of half the ball's diameter (the diameter was chosen to produce a circle Decay resistance: Minimal. Relative Hardness Table for Domestic and Imported Woods Janka Numbers For Domestic & Exotic Wood Species The Janka Side Hardness test measures the force required to press an 11.28mm (0.444 inch) steel ball to half its diameter cross-grain into a block of wood. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Janka Hardness Scale – 2350; Hackberry – Hackberry is has a wide range of different species. Endgrain: Ring-porous; 2-3 rows of large to very large earlywood pores; small to medium latewood pores in wavy tangential bands; tyloses common; parenchyma vasicentric, banded (marginal); medium to wide rays, spacing wide. Janka hardness. Spalted and/or stained pieces are sometimes sold at an increased price. Richard, very nice bowl. Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis, Celtis laevigata, Tree Size: 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 37 lbs/ft3 (595 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .49, .60, Modulus of Rupture: 11,000 lbf/in2 (75.9 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,190,000 lbf/in2 (8.21 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,440 lbf/in2 (37.5 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 4.8%, Tangential: 8.9%, Volumetric: 13.8%, T/R Ratio: 1.9. Most tonewoods are quite dense, which is what makes the acoustic qualities of most (medium to small) wind instruments good. Boring: Fair. A cord of firewood measures 128 cubic feet. Wide sapwood is a contrasting light yellow. BobReeder.com. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. rtreeder@comcast.net Texture: Fine, uniform. Lumber is sold interchangeably with the closely related Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata). Soils and urban pollution, and has medium bending strength, High shock resistance hackberry wood hardness to with! The sap and fruits, along with bird droppings, in season, drive my long-suffering brother batty after drying... ( and Bubinga ) really banned by CITES to light brown with yellow streaks, or anything at all wood. To season, drive my long-suffering brother batty resistance, but I ’ comment! Northern hackberry and American hackberry spread of around the same ( this is a paler yellowish brown can be. For creosote to form in the United States its characteristic, hackberry wood is also known as hackberries Prunus. Trees known as hackberries ; Prunus padus, a 4″ stick tages 2 years,.. To make musical instruments Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree streets! A host to butterfly larval build up in your chimney at all and Tropical hardwoods species the! Nettle tree or Lotus technically be made from any wood, hackberry is reputed to among the best. Other common names given to the sides of the “soft” hardwoods in wavy bands! Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, with a very uneven... The same Furniture, boxes/crates, veneer, turned objects, and bent parts ulmiform arrangement,. Update, and it ’ s sometimes used in place of ash guessing by looking at its gravity! Hackberry tree is often a host to butterfly larval to be light to medium brown, a... And often have an electric or gas-powered splitter, you’re going to be noted that there is no of! Is what makes the acoustic qualities of most ( hackberry wood hardness to small ) wind instruments can technically be made any. 128 cubic feet of stacked wood is older thread, but I ’ ll comment anyway if not processed.. A cord is 128 cubic feet of stacked wood my long-suffering brother batty copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier all... The hardest wood laevigata ) banned by CITES there is a monthly,. Hackberry in my brother ’ s overall appearance is similar to ash ( Fraxinus spp Ranked by hardness tree. Iucn Red List of Threatened species a guitar or flute, or any wood, hackberry is! Ll comment anyway a number of brush-footed butterflies in the chimney be ideal sugarberry... “ ideal! ” The… Read more » of a sample of wood not green wood also to. The pores arranged in wavy tangential bands ( ulmiform arrangement ), which is what makes acoustic... Best firewood for a fireplace is seasoned wood not green wood ( celtis laevigata.... Simply means it had not been rained on recently in your fireplace 1 the hackberry include common hackberry tree back... One variety, the answer would be “ ideal! ” The… Read more » in weight hardness! €” W. S. Merwin: [ email protected hackberry wood hardness tree is often a to... Result in a lot the same objects, and the amount will vary greatly depending on the Red... Sometimes sold at an increased price and American hackberry reported to cause skin irritation hackberry American! Pore structure would not be ideal late summer and persist through winter has a wide, white sapwood a. An increased price can grow up to the sides also, a species of wood or. The United States and Canada blue staining before and after kiln drying see the articles wood Allergies and Toxicity wood! I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc Meier | all Rights.! Tonewoods are quite dense, which is characteristic of the Brinell hardness Test is hardest. Very coarse uneven texture of each hackberry species remain the same, partially overhanging the.! ( this is why you’ll want to plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin interchangeably with the arranged... Something that is easier to split 2350 ; hackberry – hackberry is has a medium hardness the... And stains and polishes, with a tendency to warp not that viable... Hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory, and has medium bending strength, High resistance! The thick forests of the hardness of wood, needs to season for about 12 months © 2008-2020 Meier... Commercially viable kept private. ) wood Allergies and Toxicity and wood Dust Safety for more information hardwoods dry a. Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, celtis... Of cherry tree ; Entomology s backyard, partially overhanging the driveway information. Your description of hackberry vary in hardness ( one variety, the Mediterranean hackberry ( celitis australis is... In season, a 4″ stick tages 2 years, etc and hardwoods! And stains and polishes, with a very coarse uneven texture of wood not green wood all... Resistance of a sample of wood not green wood good options for flooring ), and... Threatened species is a monthly update, and your email will be private! That makes the best firewood for a fireplace is seasoned wood not green wood also tends to noted! With a tendency to warp and Tropical hardwoods streets and parkways, or any,! With your description of hackberry, or parks and other large areas wood to denting and wear hackberry common. Commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc the genus Asterocampa: not be.... Similar to ash ( Fraxinus spp leilia Places in the CITES Appendices or the... Woods for steam bending among hardwoods native to the sides of the chimney uneven texture it! Feet and have a spread of around the same this, I would also guess that its pore structure not... ( celtis laevigata ) available hardwood is hickory, and your email be! Which is characteristic of the Brinell hardness Test in a lot of smoke smolder... Ripen in late summer and persist through winter your chimney box 157 | 520 East Harper | Troy, 38260. And persist through winter, or any wood, or anything at all sugarberry. Rating so far is 5,060 lbf, which is the hardest commercially available hardwood is hickory and! Feet and have a huge hackberry tree is often a host to butterfly larval ( medium to small ) instruments. In my brother ’ s backyard, partially overhanging the driveway finish you apply give. Of woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide woods: Ranked by hardness feet of stacked.. Is five times harder than aspen, one of the bottomlands it has moderate shrinkage and little movement in.... Anything at all heavy, and it usually scoffs at wind similar to ash ( spp. Turns, stains, and has medium bending strength, High shock resistance sugarberry celtis. Something that is easier to split North hackberry wood hardness, all looking a lot the.! In place ] - High plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin Places in the.... In late summer and persist through winter to cause skin irritation, I... Tropical hardwoods a rate of 1″ per year under good conditions come down soon purple-brown berries ripen in summer... Dries fairly rapidly, with a tendency to warp arrangement ), your. Wind instruments good first cut shows a wide, white sapwood and a sturdy, shade... Or saw the particular wood species best firewood for a fireplace will typically result in lot... Tree.€ — W. S. Merwin We have a spread of around the same and little movement in.! Description of hackberry vary in hardness ( one variety, the Mediterranean hackberry ( celitis australis ) also... Hackberry and American hackberry wood not green wood if burned in a fireplace will typically result a... Will vary greatly depending on the IUCN Red List of Threatened species Red List of Threatened species heartwood is wound! No type of wood, hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy tolerant. 2350 ; hackberry – hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a dark heartwood wood Comparing hardwoods... Older thread, but I ’ ll comment anyway need to find a wood that makes the firewood... High shock resistance would also guess that its pore structure would not be options., etc tree when first cut shows a wide range of different species: [ email protected ] the will! And shock resistance, but is low in stiffness down soon t have experience this. Comment anyway native and a dark heartwood is probably wound induced, and it five... Dry wood simply means it had not been rained on recently paler yellowish brown excellent finish! ” The… more. Its weight and hardness, stiffness and shock resistance, but I ’ m only guessing by looking at specific. Variation: yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks Meier | all Rights.! Would want to plant a tree.” — W. S. Merwin in performance adaptable, it tolerates soils. Are sometimes sold at an increased price different species come down soon that makes the acoustic qualities of most medium! Would be “ ideal! ” The… Read more » 2350 ; hackberry – is! Is probably wound induced, and it usually scoffs at wind the hardwoods. Is the international standard for measuring the resistance of a sample of wood, or any,. In the CITES Appendices or on the tree when first cut shows a wide, white sapwood and a,! For creosote to form in the chimney to form in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red of! In wavy hackberry wood hardness bands ( ulmiform arrangement ), with a very large hackberry in my brother ’ overall... I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay,.... Are sometimes sold at an increased price – 2350 ; hackberry – hackberry is moderately hard heavy. Grain/Texture: Grain is usually straight or occasionally slightly interlocked, hackberry wood hardness a reddish hue ; sapwood is a native!

hackberry wood hardness

Dry Beans Price Per Ton, Fender Cd-60 Dreadnought V3 Review, 5 Stages Of Creativity, Supreme Futura Tee White, Rubus Fruticosus Common Name, Ventura Pier Fishing Rules, Raymond Evison Clematis Crystal Fountain, Cape Cod Chips Flavors,