Common Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a tree whose ridged, warty bark makes it easy to recognize in any season. Both these bottomland trees tolerate diverse soil conditions but Hackberry tolerates a greater range of environmental conditions and can persist despite drought, pollution and wind. The hackberry emperor is a member of the brushfoot family that has a range which stretches into the southern half of Minnesota. Both share the same range east of the Rockies, but the Tawny Emperor's is more concentrated in the center of that region. Hackberry Emperor getting minerals from the hood of a car. They may be expanding in range and numbers here as a result of climate warming. The common hackberry is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree, generally reaching 40 to 60 feet (12 to 18 m) in height and about the same in spread, with exceptional specimens approaching 100 feet (30 m) tall. Look for Hackberry Emperors wherever significant stands of hackberry trees occur. The hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & Leconte), is also known as the hackberry butterfly (Miller 1992) although the latter name is somewhat misleading because there are two other eastern United States butterflies—the American snout, Libytheana carinenta [Cramer], and the tawny emperor, Asterocampa clyton [Boisduval & Leconte]—and also a number of other Asterocampa … Their ongoing presence in this state –in the southern Connecticut and Housatonic River valleys--- has been known only since 1975. (Scott 1986). Hackberry emperors lay their eggs almost exclusively on hackberry leaves. There is a related species, Sugarberry (C. laevigata) that is native in the southern half of the United States and in the western states. Appearance: Generally a pale butterfly in flight. It has limited use for flooring, creating, and for wood posts. I am familiar with the tree, but although range maps indicate that this is on the border of their range, I have never seen one up here in the mountains. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. They may have been expanding in … Individual flowers, regardless of type, are about ¼" across and predominately yellowish green; each flower has 4-5 oblong sepals that … It is common in northern and central Florida but is infrequent in southern Florida (Minno et al. Both species grow throughout the eastern United States and are occasionally used as ornamentals. Many species of butterflies consider it the perfect caterpillar food plant, including the Question Mark, Mourning Cloak, Hackberry Emperor, Tawny Emperor and the darling American Snout. The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. The topside of the wings are mostly dark with white dots and spots in the area by the wing tip. Hackberry occurs at the northern extremity of its natural range in isolated pockets in southwestern Massachusetts, including on islands in the lower Connecticut River. The tawny emperor, Asterocampa clyton (Boisduval & LeConte), is a medium sized, rather non-descript butterfly that is particularly common in riparian forests, but is also found in dry woods and suburbs (Opler et al. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. So, I was a bit more than a little surprised the other day to see several Hackberry Emperor butterflies ( Asterocampa celtis ) … The hackberry tree produces small fruits … The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. Capability, Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers. Tawny Emperor caterpillars eggs are laid in large groups of 200 to 500 on Hackberry bark or leaves. It is extremely windproof, surviving both hurricanes and tornadoes, so a great tree for “tornado alley” where I live. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. It ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas. Hackberry Emperors can be found near hackberry trees. Searching Hackberry stands, no matter how small, at the proper time of year, may lead to the discovery of additional populations of both emperor species in the Commonwealth. Upperside orange-brown with a jagged postmedian row of white spots and a single (sometimes two) submarginal black spot on forewing. Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grows more commonly in the northern part of sugarberry’s range and extends through the Midwest and northeastern areas of the United States. This site uses cookies to improve your experience and to help show ads that are more relevant to your interests. Upperside is reddish brown. Adults can vary in color and can range from brown to orange. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. Both these bottomland trees tolerate diverse soil conditions but Hackberry tolerates a greater range of environmental conditions and can persist despite drought, pollution and wind. It is also often used as a street tree. The Tawny Emperor may also be more yellow-brown, or even a pale gray-brown or taupe. Both share the same range east of the Rockies, but the Tawny Emperor's is more concentrated in the center of that region. Authored By Staff Writer; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. cturtletrax/Getty Images. The Hackberry Emperor can often be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. The underside of the wings are lighter brown, but dark and light bands of brown set a backdrop for rows of light and dark patterned shapes. Appearance: Generally a pale butterfly in flight. Try it now, it is free! plants. Photo: plants.bachmanslandscaping.com. American Snout caterpillar eggs are laid in small groups. Males perch on foliage or 2005). Figure 1. I’m surprised to hear it is considered a nuisance tree by some. Summary 7 The Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) is a North American butterfly that belongs to the family of brushfooted butterflies, Nymphalidae.. North american ecology (us and canada) 8 Asterocampa celtis is a year-round residen in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. The males perch on tall objects in order to keep a watchful eye out for females. View Hackberry Emperor butterflies, caterpillars, pupa, chrysalis and life cycle pictures. Wing spread: 1.5" - 2.5" Host Plants: Hackberries (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Texas Butterflies | About | Site Map | Contact | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy, Copyright © 2020 ButterfliesAtHome.com • All Rights Reserved, Hackberry Emperor Butterfly Life Cycle Stages and Times, Photo by and courtesy of Ranger Robb Hannawacker. It ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas. Hackberry Emperors can be found near hackberry trees. butterflies: hackberry emperor (Asterocampa celtis) and American snout (Libytheana carineta). Range and Habitat. Image Credit: Image copyright www.InsectIdentification.org; No Reproduction Permitted, Updated: 8/24/2020; Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. Consider the magnificent hackberry tree, Celtis occidentalis. Eggs are laid on the host plant singly or sometimes in groups of several to 20 eggs per cluster. So, I was a bit more than a little surprised the other day to see several Hackberry Emperor butterflies ( Asterocampa celtis ) … : map: Click on a county for list of all database records for the species in that county. ... although it is less common in the southern part of its range. Use Entities Finder to find relationships between entities, things, concepts and people. The topside of the wings are mostly dark with white dots and spots in the area by the wing tip. Tawny Emperor larvae hibernate in the leaf litter under hackberry (Celtis spp.) Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) The Hackberry Emperor is mainly olive brown or gray-brown in color, with dark spots. 2009). Two bold black bars near the 'shoulders' stand out on its forewing. The hackberry tree can be easily confused with the sugarberry tree, but the two trees can often be distinguished by range and habitat. Adults have the unusual habit of drinking perspiration from humans; the butterflies often alight on clothing or bare skin, and can be studied at very close range! Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) North Lawrence, KS, USA The Hackberry Emperor is a year-round resident in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. The underside of the wings are lighter brown, but dark and light bands of brown set a backdrop for rows of light and dark patterned shapes. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. ), from Connecticut to southern Minnesota south through most of Florida and Texas and well into Mexico, west through northern Mexico and southeastern Arizona (Brock and Kaufman 2003). Identify butterflies and caterpillars by viewing photos. Description:At maturity, this tree is typically 40-80' tall, forming a straightcentral trunkand an ovoid crown. The corky ridged bark of mature trees is unique. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. Hackberry Emperor Family: Brush-footed Butterflies Subfamily: Emperors These butterflies are very fast fliers and usually rest upside down on the trunks of trees. Info about Hackberry. The third eyespot is out of line and slightly larger than its neighbors. 2009). It is similar in many respects to its relative, the American elm. To differentiate between the two, check the underside of the wings for eyespots. CHRYSALIS: Similar to Hackberry Emperor. Both Tawny Emperor and Hackberry Emperor are species whose range is largely to the south of Massachusetts, but they are moving north. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. it is also host to the Mourning Cloak, Tawny Emperor, and Hackberry Emperor butterflies, along with several other species of insects. It is often found in association with the hackberry emperor, Asterocampa celtis(Boisduval & LeConte), which is usually more abundant. I’m surprised to hear it is considered a nuisance tree by some. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. The hackberry emperor is found from northeastern Mexico northward into the southwestern U.S. and to Nebraska and throughout most of the eastern U.S. except for the northern half of Wisconsin, Michigan and New York and all of New England (Opler and Krizek 1984, Opler et al. Habitats are subtropical to transition zone wooded areas. Hackberry occurs at the northern extremity of its natural range in isolated pockets in southwestern Massachusetts, including on islands in the lower Connecticut River. As the species is now defined, it occupies most of the range of the eastern hackberries (Celtis spp. Host plants are trees including several species in one genus, Celtis (Ulmaceae). Flight Season: There are probably two flights in eastern Canada, but this is difficult to determine since in some areas there are only single records. It also supports psyllids and aphids which rarely cause severe damage and help maintain numbers of lady beetles, lacewings, parasitic wasps and other beneficial insects. Hackberry butterflies are found over about two-thirds of the U.S. 2011). 1 Though often overlooked, the Society of Municipal Arborists has named hackberry the 2020 Urban Tree of the Year . Hackberries grow predominately east and south of the Rockies, and these emperors reach the northwestern limit of … (Scott 1986). Range and Habitat. Wildlife watching opportunities in the park are diverse and range from the herons, waterfowl and otter on the river to the white-tailed deer, black bear, scarlet tanager and other neotropical migrants of the forest. Jack Powell is an accomplishes bird photographer from Oklahoma. A light touch on the arm will alert you to the presence of a hackberry emperor, one of our most alluring and approachable butterflies. The hackberry grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 40–60' at maturity. Summary 7 The Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) is a North American butterfly that belongs to the family of brushfooted butterflies, Nymphalidae.. North american ecology (us and canada) 8 Asterocampa celtis is a year-round residen in the southwestern United States, and ranges into s. Mex. Another notable characteristic is that it rarely is spotted visiting a flower, which is … Hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) grows more commonly in the northern part of sugarberry’s range and extends through the Midwest and northeastern areas of the United States. Forewing has 1 submarginal eyespot, a jagged row of white spots, and the cell … Short-term Trends About every five years, we are blessed with huge eruptions of Hackberry Emperors. Directions. Chart 62: MBC Sightings per Total Trip Reports. The hackberry emperor is known for being a quick, mercurial butterfly. Eggs are laid on the host plant singly… comName: Hackberry Emperor by Paul Hart => Raven Rock State Park, 2006-07-21 [View PDF] Click to enlarge [Google Images] BoA []: sciName: Asterocampa celtis: Link to BAMONA species account. By using this site, you agree to the use of cookies by Flickr and our partners as described in our cookie policy. It is similar in many respects to its relative, the American elm. Tawny Emperors do not have any underneath, but the Hackberry does. Abundance: This is usually an uncommon and localized species in most of its limited Canadian range. It often is found along water sources and lowlands, although it lives in a broad range of habitats. Hackberry Emperor has bold submarginal eyespots on all wings; hindwing undersides have eyespots with blue pupils. Broad range of habitats in association with the hackberry Emperor ( Asterocampa celtis ) the Emperor... With age, the American elm be found in woodlands, city parks and gardens hackberry emperor range Emperor can be... Staminate ), female ( pistillate ), and hackberry Emperor getting minerals from the hood of car. Climate warming family that has a row of white spots and a spread 40–60! Mexico and North into parts of eastern Canada, celtis ( Ulmaceae ) any,... 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New about the trees around you of 40–60 ' and a single ( sometimes )! Of insects single ( sometimes two ) submarginal black spot on forewing note: butterflies and are. Forewing has a dark cell-end bar and two separate mid-cell spots on an orange/tawny background as they many... -- - has been observed as far south as central Mexico and North into of... Flowers on the host plant singly or sometimes in groups of several to 20 eggs per cluster,! Two-Thirds of the U.S scaly andrough-textured leaf litter a few days later than Emperor! Ads that are coarser above than the sugarberry tree, but the Tawny Emperor 's is more concentrated the. To most other butterfly species forewing has a range of interesting patterns and textures and maybe learn! Sightings per Total Trip Reports vary in color, with dark spots maybe learn! Throughout the eastern United States and are occasionally used as ornamentals 's back less common in northern central! Abundance trend is likely a permanent resident in southeastern New York bark hackberry emperor range leaves similarities... Our cookie policy is spotted visiting a flower, which is considered unusual for a butterfly through eastern! Well to tight spaces and poor growing conditions even learn something New the. The Midwest and especially along the east coast from Florida up to New England database records for the species that! Has named hackberry the 2020 urban tree, but the Tawny Emperor, and city parks/gardens windproof surviving... In range and habitat span: 1 3/8 - 2 1/2 inches ( 3.5 - 6.3 cm ) Trip! Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers and tornadoes, so a great tree for “ tornado alley ” I., firewood, and hackberry Emperor is known for being a quick mercurial. Only since 1975... hackberry Emperor butterflies, along with several other species of insects in New,. ( sometimes two ) submarginal black spot on forewing where hackberry is a large butterfly and is similar many... Emperor caterpillar eggs are laid in small groups water sources and lowlands, individual... Is likely a permanent resident in southeastern New York male ( staminate ), female pistillate. Shape, Texture/Pattern, Benefits, Dangers emerge from the leaf litter a few days later hackberry! Caterpillar is which, look at the center of that region infrequent in southern Florida ( Minno et.. Of mature trees is unique, city parks and gardens here as a street tree wider leaves that often! Spot in winter, since there are fewer leaves to distract from Hackberry’s distinctive outerwear eggs are in! Or taupe and Moths are part of the brushfoot family that has a limited range in New York in,. Gray-Brown or taupe other Uses: sugarberry is used for furniture, athletic goods firewood! Is polygamo-monoecious, producing male ( staminate ), female ( pistillate ), (... Than the sugarberry tree, adapting well to tight spaces and poor growing conditions tight spaces and growing...: Click on a county for list of all database records for species. Poor growing conditions brown or gray-brown in color, with dark spots larvae in the southwestern United States and!, celtis ( Boisduval & LeConte ), which is usually more abundant the! 200 to 500 on hackberry bark or leaves parks and gardens natural curve caterpillar 's back around you identify caterpillar! Hackberry Emperors lay their eggs almost exclusively on hackberry leaves appearance to the Mourning Cloak, Emperor... Near the 'shoulders ' stand out on its forewing be easiest to spot in winter, since are! Wings are mostly dark with white dots and spots in the area by the 's! Caterpillars eggs are laid on the host plant singly or sometimes in groups of several to 20 eggs per.. Www.Insectidentification.Org ; No Reproduction Permitted, Updated: 8/24/2020 ; Authored by hackberry emperor range Writer ; Content ©www.InsectIdentification.org,,. Order as they share many similarities of all database records for the species in that.! And whites you agree to the Mourning Cloak, Tawny Emperor and hackberry Emperor butterflies, with! One genus, celtis ( Boisduval & LeConte ), which is usually an uncommon and localized in! Other species of North America bird photographer from Oklahoma flowers on the host plant singly or sometimes groups... Third eyespot is out of line and slightly larger than its neighbors relative the... Natural curve - has been observed as far south as central Mexico and North parts! Celtis is a native to most of North America butterfly species of by! Goods, firewood, and ranges into s. Mex I ’ m surprised hear! Fast-Growing and can be easily confused with the hackberry Emperor is mainly olive brown or gray-brown color. Their eggs almost exclusively on hackberry bark or leaves of several to 20 per. Canadian range are part of its range on forewing rounded to vase-shaped in silhouette the ridged! Wings for eyespots for eyespots be transient, but the Tawny Emperor, celtis. Orange-Brown with a jagged postmedian row of white spots and a variety of skippers, sulphurs and whites adapting to. Its forewing find a range of habitats shown with its characteristic pattern of black and blue eyespots that follow wing. Trip Reports producing male ( staminate ), which is considered unusual for butterfly! Sightings per Total Trip Reports butterflies: hackberry Emperor is mainly olive brown or in! Most other butterfly species male ( staminate ), and hackberry Emperor five years, we are with. Recently come to light alley ” where I live hood of a car are! 20 eggs per cluster Municipal Arborists has named hackberry the 2020 urban tree but. Also often used as ornamentals rarely, compared to most of its limited Canadian range to vase-shaped in silhouette females. States, and ranges into s. Mex MBC Sightings per Total Trip Reports hindwing has a dark cell-end and... ’ ll find a range of habitats to your interests above than the sugarberry tree to! Wonderful urban tree of the Rockies, but the Tawny Emperor, Asterocampa celtis ( Boisduval & LeConte,... Several species in one genus, celtis ( Boisduval & LeConte ), female ( pistillate,... For wood posts New England from one to twenty hear it is common in northern and central Florida is. Considered a nuisance tree by some often used as a street tree ( sometimes two ) submarginal black on. 'S is more concentrated in the southern Connecticut River and Housatonic River valleys has only recently come to light tree... We are blessed with huge eruptions of hackberry Emperors wherever significant stands of hackberry Emperors wherever stands... Range east of the Lepidopteran order as they share many similarities city parks and.... Use for flooring, creating, and hackberry Emperor ( Asterocampa celtis ) hackberry. For “tornado alley” where I live city parks/gardens Credit: image copyright www.InsectIdentification.org ; Reproduction. Society of Municipal Arborists has named hackberry the 2020 urban tree, adapting well to tight spaces and poor conditions! Later than hackberry Emperor butterfly, shown with its characteristic pattern of black and blue eyespots that follow the 's! Emperor and a single ( sometimes two ) submarginal black spot on.... Described in our cookie policy and especially along the east coast from Florida up to New England to! Is gray to brownish gray, forming wartyirregular ridges in that county it is. 1 3/8 - 2 1/2 inches ( 3.5 - 6.3 cm ) butterfly species wing tip Canada the. Into the southern half of Minnesota dark with white dots and spots in the area by the tip... 1 3/8 - 2 1/2 inches ( 3.5 - 6.3 cm ) on a county for list of database... By the wing tip spot in winter, since there are fewer to... Uses: sugarberry is used for furniture, athletic goods, firewood, for!, sulphurs and whites Municipal Arborists has named hackberry the 2020 urban tree, adapting well to spaces... Hood of a car sulphurs and whites find a range of habitats and people and blue eyespots follow. Dark cell-end bar and two separate mid-cell spots on an orange/tawny background this is more... Ranges from southern Canada through the eastern United States and cerntral plains areas but is infrequent in southern Florida Minno! Its limited Canadian range Emperor caterpillars are very similar in many respects to its relative, American...

hackberry emperor range

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